Markov-Based Distributed Approach for Mitigating Self-Coexistence Problem in IEEE 802.22 WRANs



IEEE 802.22 wireless regional area network (WRAN) is a cognitive radio-based network. WRANs are intended to be deployed by different service providers and designed to opportunistically utilize the unused TV bands. WRANs have to self-coexist with other overlapped WRANs in a distributed manner. Therefore, every service provider tries to acquire a band free of interference from others to satisfy a required quality of service. This self-coexistence problem is one of the major challenges in WRAN. In this paper, we propose a Markov-based distributed approach for mitigating this problem. We model the problem as an absorbing discrete-time Markov chain. In this model, if two or more overlapped WRANs select the same band, then each one should either stay or switch to another band according to a certain switching probability. This process continues until each one of the WRANs finds an interference-free band. In this case, the Markov chain reaches the absorbing state. This model is employed to find the optimal switching probability, which in turn minimizes the time required to reach the absorbing state. The switching probability is numerically found as a function of the number of overlapped WRANs and available bands. Extensive simulation has been conducted to validate our numerical results.​