Normal modes of a continuous system with quadratic and cubic non-linearities



A power series solution is presented for the free vibrations of simply supported beams resting on elastic foundation having quadratic and cubic non-linearities. The time-dependence is assumed harmonic and the problem is posed as a non-linear eigenvalue problem. The spatial variable is transformed into an independent variable that satisfies the boundary conditions. This permits a power series expansion of the beam motion in terms of the new variable. A recurrence relation is obtained from the governing equation and used in conjunction with the Rayleigh energy principle to compute the natural frequencies. The results show that, for a first order approximation, only the lower frequencies and first mode shape are significantly affected by the cubic non-linearity. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved