Nonlinear Vibrations of a SWCNT with Geometrical Imperfection Using Nonlocal Elasticity Theory

03.Sep.2017

Abstract

The nonlinear free vibration and frequency veering of a single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) based on nonlocal elasticity theory is studied and investigated in this paper. The carbon nanotubes (CNT) is assumed to have an imperfection modeled as half sine and clamped at both ends. The Euler-Bernoulli Beam and Hamilton’s principle were used to derive the nonlinear equation of motion of the SWCNT. The effect of; nonlocal elasticity, geometric initial rise/imperfection, and the effect of the axial force induced by mid-plane stretching are accounted for in the derivation of the nonlinear mathematical model of the CNT. The governing partial differential equation includes quadratic and cubic nonlinearities due to the initial imperfection and the mid-plane stretching. The derived equation of motion is discretized using the assumed mode method by inserting the exact linear eigen mode shape. The resulting nonlinear temporal equation was solved using the method of multiple scales (MMS) to obtain results for the nonlinear natural frequencies of the first three modes of vibrations, for different values of rise/imperfection amplitude, and for different values of the nonlocal parameter. The results are presented in non-dimensional characteristic curves to show the effect of variation of rise/imperfection amplitude and nonlocal parameter on the vibrational behavior of the CNT